My Ancestors

Week 2 – Prompt ‘Challenge’

Lene Bolton, 24 January 2019

I have always wondered why my 3rd Great Grandparents, Poul Nielsen and his wife Ane Larsdatter, died with less than 11 months between them leaving two daughters aged 7 and 4 orphaned. My challenge this week is to learn more about them, their family and where they lived.

Basic Data

Name: Poul Nielsen
Birth: 1777 – Præstehusene, Sørbymagle, Vester Flakkebjerg, Sorø
Marriage: 4/10/1822 – Sludstrup, Slagelse, Sorø
Spouse: Ane Larsdatter
Death: 15/12/1831 – Haldagermagle, Krummerup, Øster Flakkebjerg, Sorø
Name: Ane Larsdatter
Birth: 1788 – Sørbylille, Sludstrup, Slagelse, Sorø
Marriage: 4/10/1822 – Sludstrup, Slagelse, Sorø
Spouse: Poul Nielsen
Death: 26/1/1831 – Haldagermagle, Krummerup, Øster Flakkebjerg, Sorø

I had originally thought that Poul died in 1830, leaving only 7 weeks between their deaths. However, after cross checking my notes with the church registers, I realised my mistake. There were 10.5 months between them and not just 7 weeks. Does that make a difference? No, not really. Their daughters were still only 7 and 4 when Ane died. It is rare to find a cause of death in the Danish church registers and I didn’t find any in this case either. Paul was 53 and Ane was 43.

This was not Poul’s first marriage. I found the funeral notation of his first wife in the 1822 Krummerup Church Register. Marie Hansdatter 53 had died six months prior to him marrying to Ane.

Unfortunately the church registers for the period 1795 to 1814 no longer exist and this is where I had a chance of finding their marriage as well as christening of any children. I had to dig deeper.

After a couple of day’s search I found the court documents following Marie’s death, here I could read about the value of the estate, who was owed money, and how the balance was to be distributed. Surprise, surprise. Marie had six children from a previous marriage and she had had three children with Paul. There was Morten – 14, Niels – 9 and Ellen – unmarried. It appears that age was not important for girls and women, only their married state. All nine children were to receive a share in the estate, the boys twice as much as the girls, but Paul was to receive the farm and the remaining share. I have thus found some more descendants of Poul’s to investigate at another time.

The old court documents are very hard to decipher. They were handwritten in gothic using Old-Danish language. In addition the writing was sloppy. However, undeterred, I kept looking and found the records after Ane’s death. This confirmed what I already knew. Ane and Poul had two daughters, Karen 8 and Johanne Marie aged 4.

My expectations were too high. I had hoped to find the court documents after Paul’s death but no such luck.

From the census records of 1834 I learnt that the girls Karen and Johanne Marie were being looked after by Morten, the half brother, who had taken over the parent’s farm. I can only wonder what life would have been like for the two girls as Johanne Marie died in 1839 aged 12 and the older sister Karen was listed in Morten’s household as a Maid in the 1840 census. She married young, only 18, to a man 23 years her senior. Was it an opportunity to get away?

Karen Poulsdatter is my 2nd Great Grandmother.

Week 1 – prompt ‘First’

Lene Bolton, 23 January, 2019

For this week’s challenge I have chosen to write about Hans Nielsen, my 2x Great-Grandfather, who was the first in my direct line to occupy the family farm of “Bakkegaard” in Harrested Village, Sludstrup Parish, Sorø County.

Basic Data

Name: Hans Nielsen
Birth: 4/7/1800 – Sørbymagle, Vester Flakkebjerg, Sorø
Marriage: 26/1/1842 – Krummerup, Øster Flakkebjerg, Sorø
Spouse: Karen Poulsdatter
Death: 27/12/1865 – Harrested, Sludstrup, Slagelse, Sorø

Army service

Soon after Hans was born, his father was obliged to list his son in the Danish register of people that could serve in the army. This register was divided into various Lægder depending on the district. His entry in the relevant lægd reads: H 149, Father’s name: Niels Hansen, Name: Hans, Place born: Sørbymagle, Address: home, Notes: Born 4 July 1800.

I was then able to follow his life over the coming years through the lægd register. In 1827 he was conscripted to serve in the King’s Regiment, 3rd Battalion. This did not mean that he had to go into the army and train as a soldier, only that he had to be available should there be a war. It was specifically noted that he was untrained. Later I learn that he moved to Harrested in 1830 and became a Farmer in 1833. Hans was never required for active service in the army, but he remained on their roll until turning 45 as was the rule at that time.

First Marriage

In 1830, at the age of 29, Hans married his first wife Ane Jørgensdatter, who was 31 at the time. Hans and Ane had four children: Karen 1831, Maren 1833, Niels 1834 and Kristine 1838. All survived childhood and went on to marry and have families of their own. Unfortunately, Hans and Ane’s marriage was cut short when she died in August, 1841.

Bakkegaard

Prior to their wedding Hans was living on his parent’s farm in Sørbymagle and would have had valuable hans-on training from his father in how to work and manage a farm. It is highly likely that Hans and Ane lived on her parent’s farm Bakkegaard in Harrested after they were married and when her father died two years later, Ane’s mother sold the the farm to the young couple.

In those days, a farm was most often owned by the district Earl and leased to individual farmers against payment of annual taxes, delivery of crops and performance of labour on the Earl’s farm. On death, to enable the farm and home to be passed down to spouse or children, many had what was called an Inherited lease. And it was this Inherited lease that Ane’s mother sold to her daughter and son-in-law.

A comprehensive Inherited Lease Deed was prepared for Hans Nielsen to sign. Women didn’t have any legal rights at the time. The Deed outlined not only the property and everything, such as land, buildings and animals belonging to the property, but also the annual tax payable to the Earl in Silver, Grain and ‘two days of labour during harvest including a wagon with horses, a driver and two farm-hands’.

Age-care did not exist in those days, of course, so Ane’s mother had to ensure she had arrangements for the rest of her life. She planned to live with her other daughter in a neighbouring village, but the Deed included annual payment to her of Rye, Barley, Malt and Oats as well as one pig, 4 geese, a load of firewood and approximately 4 kg of cleaned and cut flax. In addition she requested Hans looked after and fed a sheep for her, or alternatively provided her with around 2 kg of wool annually.

The Deed was signed by Hans Nielsen (with hand held) and Ane’s mother in the presence of a parish guardian, as a woman was not considered to have the wherewithal to deal in financial matters.

Second Marriage

Running a farm and looking after a young family at the same time would have been very difficult for Hans even though he employed farm-hands an a maid to help. It is therefore not surprising that he married again in 1842, five months after Ane’s death. Practicality was often more important than love and whilst I can’t say whether love was involved, Hans married his cousin Karen Poulsdatter, 23 years his junior.

Hans also had four children in his second marriage, but only one Jørgen, my great-grandfather, born in 1844, lived long enough to marry and have children. The other three were Poul 1847-1878, Ane 1850-1850 and Peder 1852-1872.

Death

Hans worked the farm till the day he died in 1865, aged 65 years.