Week 25 – Earliest

For this week’s ancestor I will have to resort to the 100 year old book, Øvle-Slægten og dens Hjem (The Øvle-family and its Home) of 1917, by A. Eriksen. I have already written about my 10th great grandfather, Mickel Øuli, in week 12, and Jes Persen (or Pedersen) goes back two more generations.

Name: Jes Persen (Pedersen)
Birth: 1390-1400 – Malling
Marriage: ? – ?
Spouse: ?
Death: About 1470 – Malling?

The trouble with Jes is that nothing is known about him as far as spouse and children. It is believed that he is the grandfather to either Mickel Øuli or his wife Birgitte Ibsdatter, but so far no-one has been able to find a document which proves who the generation in between was.

What exists is a parchment with two attached wax seals, which was found in the archives of the farm Michel Øuli owned and which is now in the possession of the Danish Archives. This document from 1463 outlines an agreement by 24 very respected elders from Malling that ‘the property on which Jes Person, væbner, lives is his rightful old inheritance and has been since these elders first came to this village’. A væbner was a rank just below a nobleman.

Further, the document states that Jes Persen has never made an offence to his inheritance or ownership which could cause him to lose any rights under God’s law or through the country’s courts.

The document is then a testimony from 24 respected Danes that the farm on which Jes resides was his rightful inheritance from his ancestors The family can then be estimated to have occupied the farm for at least 2-4 generations.

At the time of 1463 Jes would not have been a young man to earn the kind of respect shown by the village elders. An estimate of his year of birth has been made following a find of a tax receipt written in Low-German issued in 1421 by Jes Person, væbner. It is believable he would know some german from his travels to Holstein with the court of King Erik of Pomerns. He was also found to have been joint judge in a dispute in 1470. As he was unlikely to be 80 when acting as judge but probably been 21 when receiving tax in 1421 it is estimated that he was born around 1390-1400.

Being a farm that had been in the family for a long time it would have passed to one of his offspring, who later passed the farm to either Mickel Øuli or his wife Birgitte Ibsdatter, where the document was found.

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